In this account, the cow that issued milk to the spot, at which Nepa discovered the Jyotirlinga of Pashupatināth upon investigation, was also named Ne. However, the country ranks 165th in the world[i] in nominal GDP per capita[183] and 162nd[j] in GDP per capita at PPP. Nepal 2020 population is estimated at 29,136,808 people at mid year according to UN data. Upper body garment for men is usually a vest such as the bhoto, or a shirt similar to the Kurta, such as Daura, a closed-necked double-breasted long shirt with five pleats and eight strings that serve to tie it around the body. The Crime Investigation Department of Nepal Police specializes in criminal investigation and forensic analysis. [36] These gradually developed into the Indus Valley Civilization,[37][36] the first urban culture in South Asia. [271], Nepal has a long tradition of accepting immigrants and refugees. Emperor Ashoka made a pilgrimage to Lumbini and erected a pillar at Buddha's birthplace, the inscriptions on which mark the starting point for properly recorded history of Nepal.

[318] Volleyball was declared as the national sport of Nepal in 2017. [233] Similarly, while an estimated 14.52% had access to fixed broadband, an additional 52.71% were accessing the internet using their mobile data subscriptions; almost 15 million of them with 3G or better. Nepal is still a majority rural country. In the late 14th century, Jayasthiti Malla introduced widespread socio-economic reforms, principal of which was the caste system. Median Age: age that divides the population into two numerically equal groups: half of the people are older than the median age indicated and half are younger. Population clock live, current, historical and projected population.

2 in particular. A Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 2.1 represents the Replacement-Level Fertility: the average number of children per woman needed for each generation to exactly replace itself without needing international immigration. [6] In the 1980s the Western Chitwan Valley became a major transportation hub for all of Nepal. [301] In its more modern form, it has been used to cover the head, and sometimes the face, as a veil,[301] particularly in the Terai. Married Hindu women wear tika, sindur, pote and red bangles. Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 10M 20M 30M 40M The home-stay tourism, in which cultural and eco-tourists stay as paying guests in the homes of indigenous people, has seen some success. [231] Nepal depends almost entirely on assistance from countries like China, India and Japan, for building, maintenance and expansion of the road network. [67] With the death of both the King and the Crown Prince in a massacre in the royal palace, King Birendra's brother Gyanendra inherited the throne in 2001[65] and subsequently assumed full executive powers aiming to quash the Maoist insurgency himself. Majority of the urban and a significant number of the rural schools are English-medium schools.

Nepal is a federal republic comprising 7 provinces. The basic question of National Census 2 is: What religion do you believe in?

World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision. It is the official language and serves as lingua franca among Nepali of different ethnolinguistic groups. Nepal's diverse linguistic heritage evolved from three major language groups: Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman languages, and various indigenous language isolates. The Lower Himalayan Range, reaching 1,500 to 3,000 metres (4,900 to 9,800 ft), is the southern limit of this region, with subtropical river valleys and "hills" alternating to the north of this range.

Der Distrikt Rupandehi (Nepali रुपन्देही जिल्ला) ist Teil der Provinz Lumbini und einer von 77 Distrikten in Nepal mit Verwaltungssitz in Siddharthanagar.. Im Jahr 2011 hatte es 886.706 Einwohner, 2001 waren 708.419. [292] The modern history of Nepali literature begins with Bhanubhakta Acharya (1814-1868), who for the first time composed major and influential works in Nepali, the language accessible to the masses, most prominently, the Bhanubhakta Ramayana, a translation of the ancient Hindu epic. [184] Nepal has been a member of WTO since 23 April 2004. The Nepali are descendants of three major migrations from India, Tibet and North Burma, and the Chinese province of Yunnan via Assam. Seven other of the world's "eight-thousanders" are in Nepal or on its border with China: Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Kangchenjunga, Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Manaslu. [19] The perimeter of Kathmandu Valley is lined with shrines devoted to Hindu goddesses, whose purpose is to protect the city from chaotic events.

Prithvi Narayan Shah, the founder of modern Nepal, is held in high regard and considered "Father of the Nation" by many. At least one shrine can be found on the vast majority of streets in Kathmandu. The Ranas were staunchly pro-British and assisted them during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 (and later in both World Wars).

[136] Nepal also has made progress in LGBT rights and gender equality.

Large groups of Nepali people can be found in Shek Kong and Yuen Long District off of the main bases of the British army. Nepal experiences five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter and spring.

[109][110] The breeding programmes[111] coupled with community-assisted military patrols,[112] and a crackdown on poaching and smuggling, has seen poaching of critically endangered tigers and elephants as well as vulnerable rhinos, among others, go down to effectively zero, and their numbers have steadily increased. © Copyright - All rights reserved -, countries (and dependencies) by population, World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision, The population density in Nepal is 203 per Km.

Raksi (traditional distilled alcohol), jaand (rice beer), tongba (millet beer) and chyaang are the most well-known.

[177] Most of the rural roads are not operable during the rainy season; even national highways regularly become inoperable. Maithili language—along with regional dialects Awadhi and Bhojpuri—are mother tongue Nepalese languages and spoken in the southern Terai Region. It remains the only multi-party, fully democratic nation in the world ruled by a communist party. Nepal contains a disproportionately large diversity of plants and animals, relative to its size. [196] Agriculture employs 76% of the workforce, services 18%, and manufacturing and craft-based industry 6%. Based upon the 2011 census, the major languages spoken in Nepal[16] (percentage spoken out of the mother tongue language) includes.

The Nepali rupee has been tied to the Indian rupee at an exchange rate of 1.6 for many years.

After the joint civil resistance launched by the United Left Front and Nepali Congress overthrew the Panchayat in 1990,[127][128] the Front became CPN (UML), adopted multi-party democracy, and in the brief period it was in government, introduced welfare programs that remain popular. Throughout Nepal, fermented, then sun-dried, leafy greens called Gundruk, are both a delicacy and a vital substitute for fresh vegetables in the winter. The country of Nepal sits nestled between India and China with a population of 29.1 million people. Severe flooding and landslides cause deaths and disease, destroy farmlands and cripple the transport infrastructure of the country, during the monsoon season each year.

By dividing the indigenous non-Aryan Buddhist population into castes modelled after the four Varna system of Hinduism, he provided an influential model for the Sanskritization and Hinduization of the indigenous non-Hindu tribal populations in all principalities throughout Nepal.

[119][129][130][131], Nepal is governed according to the Constitution of Nepal. [259] Two-thirds of all deaths are due to non-communicable diseases; heart disease is the leading cause of death. The competition for prestige among these brotherly kingdoms saw the flourishing of art and architecture in central Nepal, and the building of famous Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur Durbar Squares; their division and mistrust led to their fall in the late 18th century, and ultimately, unification of Nepal into a modern state. The most widely worn traditional dress in Nepal, for both women and men, from ancient times until the advent of modern times, was draped. [30], By 55,000 years ago, the first modern humans had arrived on the Indian subcontinent from Africa, where they had earlier evolved. [230] As of 2018[update], all district headquarters (except Simikot) had been connected to the road network. The emblem of Nepal depicts the snowy Himalayas, the forested hills, and the fertile Terai, supported by a wreath of rhododendrons, with the national flag at the crest and in the foreground, a plain white map of Nepal below it, and a man's and woman's right hands joined to signify gender equality. The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. [191] Nepal's international trade greatly expanded in 1951 with the establishment of democracy; liberalization began in 1985 and picked up pace after 1990. Rubber bands, or ranger bands cut from tubes in bike tyres, make a multi-purpose sporting equipment for Nepali children, which may be bunched or chained together, and used to play dodgeball, cat's cradle, jianzi[318] and a variety of skipping rope games. The military expenditure for 2018 was $398.5 million,[168] around 1.4% of GDP.

Nepal Police is the primary law enforcement agency. [27][28][29][22] It has also been proposed that Nepa is a Tibeto-Burman stem consisting of Ne (cattle) and Pa (keeper), reflecting the fact that early inhabitants of the valley were Gopalas (cowherds) and Mahispalas (buffalo-herds). [242] By percentage of population, Nepal has the largest population of Hindus in the world.

Nepal (English: /nɪˈpɔːl/;[19] Nepali: नेपाल [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal,[20] is a sovereign country in South Asia. In 1923, the United Kingdom and Nepal formally signed an agreement of friendship that superseded the Sugauli Treaty of 1816. Other languages, particularly in the Inner Terai hill and mountain regions, are remnants of the country's pre-unification history of dozens of political entities isolated by mountains and gorges. [330] Nepal has had success in cricket and holds the elite ODI status,[331][332] consistently ranking in the Top 20 in the ICC ODI and T20I rankings. In 1860 some parts of the western Terai region were gifted to Nepal by the British as a friendly gesture because of her military help to sustain British control in India during the rebellion (known as Naya Muluk, new country).

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