Pinaceae By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Identifying Trees with Needles Attached to Leaf Stalks, Use Needles to Identify Common North American Coniferous Trees, A Beginner's Guide to Tree Identification, 13 Most Common North American Pine Species, The Most Popular Types of Christmas Trees, The Major North American Conifers with Descriptions, Using Tree Anatomy and Physiology for Identification, How to Identify a Tree by Its Leaves, Flowers, or Bark, The Difference Between a Simple and Compound Tree Leaf, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Buds are large, rounded, and covered with purple pitch; terminal buds usually occur in clusters of three or more. Conifer, evergreen, slow growing, 50-80 ft (15-25 m) high, straight trunk, bark is light gray, mostly smooth, but furrowed at the base. Pacific silver fir Pinaceae Abies amabilis (Douglas ex Louden) Douglas ex Forbes symbol: ABAM Leaf: Flattened needles, about 1 inch long, dark green above (no bloom) and silvery-white below (2 bands of bloom), apex usually notched (but may be pointed near the top of the crown), spirally arranged but clustered on upper side of twig; topmost needles point upward and forward, like a ski jumper. Abies These trees are often used as Christmas trees, in colder northern states and Canada as they are native to northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the earth. - California red fir Pacific silver fir - So, if your tree does have single needles that are directly and singly attached to the twig, you will often likely either have a fir tree or a spruce tree. Because of its slow early height growth, associated species such as western hemlock, Douglas-fir, and noble fir initially overtop Pacific silver fir when grown in the open. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Fir needles are typically short and mostly soft with blunt tips. Flower: Species is monoecious; male cones reddish and borne beneath the needles; female cones purple and borne upright near the top of the crown. Much of the northeastern United States is covered in these types of conifers, many of which take hundreds of years to reach full height and maturity.

Leaf: Flattened needles, about 1 inch long, dark green above (no bloom) and silvery-white below (2 bands of bloom), apex usually notched (but may be pointed near the top of the crown), spirally arranged but clustered on upper side of twig; topmost needles point upward and forward, like a ski jumper. It is, however, shade intolerant and eventually gives way to Pacific Silver Fir, Abies amabilis, or Western Hemlock. Drawing of the largest known Pacific silver fir, on Goodman Creek [Robert Van Pelt] (Van Pelt 1996). If the needles and twig fit this description you will probably have either a Douglas Fir, bald cypress or hemlock tree. There are several conifers that have needles that are flattened and attached to the twig with leaf stalks — which are also called petioles by some botanists.

Fir needles are typically short and mostly soft with blunt tips. Needles are flat and wider than they are thick, arranged horizontally, and have the tell-tale silvery stomata on both surfaces. These twig attachments will be in the form of wooden pegs for spruce and in the form of direct cups for fir. Dave Powell/USDA Forest Service (retired) / Bugwood.org.

Abies amabilis 'Spreading Star' is an old selection of Pacific silver fir from The Netherlands which has very attractive lush, green, fluffy, long needles with silvery undersides and a tendency to grow very wide without developing any sort of leader.

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