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Headquarters are in Pretoria. In 1819, it was known as the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church. This may sound uncomfortable to some who are unused to the concept. Dutch Reformed settlers and missionaries spread their ideas all over the world, notably in South Africa and in America. It has about 196,308 members. study
. The Reformed Church in America has over 300,000 members and is a founding member of the National Council of Churches and the World Council of Churches. In 1867, the name was changed to the Reformed Church in America. Two smaller Reformed denominations are sometimes grouped as Dutch Reformed churches—namely, the more liberal Dutch Reformed Church (Nederduits Hervormde Kerk; NHK) and the more conservative Reformed Church of South Africa (Gereformeerde Kerk van Suid-Afrika). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Dutch Reformed Church, Simon's Town, S.Af. As previously mentioned, the Dutch Reformed Church is a branch of Protestantism that went against the power of the Catholic Church. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. ." This ideology helped to foster a revolutionary spirit in the Dutch Reformed Church that eventually pushed the Spanish out of the Netherlands. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Retrieved October 16, 2020 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/dutch-reformed-church. We welcome all persons regardless of age, race, ethnicity, nationality, history, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, social-economic standing, mental or physical abilities. Their findings were rejected by Reformed churches in Europe and the United States, and the NGK was excluded from membership in the World Alliance of Reformed Churches (WARC) at Ottawa in August 1982. - Books, History & Timeline, What Is the Old Testament? Reformists believe that the word of God, the Bible, is the complete and total account of what people need to live a good and just life. It is the main church of the Afrikaans-speaking whites, and its present membership covers a large percentage of the Republic of South Africa’s white population. The first was the most obvious as the Reformed Church was Protestant, while the Spanish and Austrians who controlled the Netherlands, were staunchly Catholic. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Dutch Reformed Church or Hervomde Kerk. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. © 2019 Encyclopedia.com | All rights reserved. A preacher in the.
What is a 'Reformed' Church and why was the Dutch one so important?
Naturally, Catholic Kings and Queens weren't happy that many of their subjects were attempting to subvert their power, so it actually became quite dangerous to outwardly profess Protestant beliefs in much of Europe.
Log in here for access. This was particularly problematic for the Dutch because the Spanish governors levied harsh taxes, imposed unfair laws, and fought against independence at every turn. In 1994 discussions concerning a merger began with the Reformed Church in Africa, the Dutch Reformed Church in Africa, and the Uniting Reformed Church in South Africa (Verenigende Gereformeerde Kerk in Suider-Afrika).
Church leaders fled Spanish oppression to develop their theology and power base in Protestant Germany, before returning renewed and ready to go up against their colonial overlords.
Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites: http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html. It was here that the Reformed Church gained support and adopted a new ideology. Major Christian (Protestant) Church, originally in the Netherlands, but spreading to other parts of the world through missionary work. At the same time, the WARC pronounced apartheid to be a heresy in violation of the Scriptures. Soon after, in 1822, there was a small secession of churches from Classis … - Definition, Beliefs & History, What Is the Holy Trinity?
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. It subscribes to the traditional Reformed doctrinal standards. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization began in medieval times. It is the main church of the Afrikaans-speaking whites, and its present membership covers a large percentage of the Republic of South Africa’s white population. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. The Reformed Church quickly became seen as a beacon of Dutch resistance for a number of reasons. While its 1857 synod resolved it is “desirable and scriptural (that) wherever possible our members from among heathen be received and incorporated in our existing congregations,” subsequent resolutions led to the establishment of so-called daughter churches, notably the Dutch Reformed Church in Africa (also known as the Bantu Church) in 1859, the Dutch Reformed Mission Church (for Coloured, or racially mixed, persons) in 1881, and the Indian Reformed Church in Africa in 1947. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA). Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!
The Reformed Church was a home-grown movement and was a symbol of Dutch independence as well as an ideological break with their Spanish overlords. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
. . Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. This was true in the Netherlands as well, and Spanish Catholics who were in control of the country at the time, ruthlessly prosecuted, and sometimes killed, those who went against established Catholic ideology. - Definition, Beliefs & History, What is Predestination? The Reformed Church in America (RCA) is a mainline Reformed Protestant denomination in Canada and the United States. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. - Books & History, Counter Catholic Reformation: Definition, Music & Timeline, What Is Catholicism? American Presbyterian Church In 1857, a group of more conservative members in Michigan led by Gijsbert Haan separated from the RCA. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. (The Congregational Union of Canada no longer exists as a separate entity.